Diplomatic relations between Azerbaijan and Latvia were established on January 11, 1992. Latvia and Azerbaijan have signed 21 documents since then.
On July 9-12, 2001, Latvia’s Foreign Minister Indulis Berzinsh made an official visit to Baku and signed two agreements: one on cooperation at the foreign ministry level, and the other regulation of the trucking trade.
On March 17, 2004 Deputy State Secretary of Latvia’s Foreign Ministry Andris Teikmanis visited Baku and met with Foreign Minister Vilayet Guliyev.
On July 5, 2004 Azerbaijan’s Defense Minister Safar Abiyev received a delegation from Latvia’s Defense Ministry led by State Secretary Edgars Rinkevichus.
Azerbaijan’s Defense Minister Safar Abiyev visited Latvia on August 15-16, 2005 and signed a joint cooperation agreement. The wide-ranging document provided for cooperation in the framework of the "Partnership for Peace Program”: defense policy and strategy, leadership and management, international operations, military reforms, military-technical cooperation, and so on.
On September 29, 2005 Latvia’s Justice Minister Gintautas Bushinskas discussed questions on cooperation with Justice Minister Fikret Mamedov in Baku, resulting in a protocol on cooperation.
On October 3, 2005 Latvia’s president Viyra Vike-Freiberg made an official visit to Baku. The talks resulted in the signing of a joint declaration as well as intergovernmental agreements for cooperating in customs matters, encouraging investments, fighting terrorism and organized crime, and avoiding double taxation.
On April 16-18, 2007 Latvia’s Foreign Minister Artis Pubriks made an official visit to Azerbaijan.
On April 23-24, 2007 Azerbaijan’s Foreign Minister Elmar Mamedyarov made an official visit to Latvia. He met with Latvian Prime Minister Kalvitis Aygar, the chairman of the Seim Gundars Daudze, and Foreign Minister Artis Pubriks.
On April 16-17, 2009 Latvia’s Foreign Minister Maris Riekstinish made an official visit to Baku.
The volume of trade between Azerbaijan and Latvia in 2008 was approximately $5,3 million (with a positive balance of trade for Azerbaijan of approximately $1,9 million.) Azerbaijan exported shelled nuts, brandy, alcoholic beverages, oil, liquefied gas, and linens. Azerbaijan imported mainly dairy products, medicine, and office equipment
On August 9-12, 2009 the Latvian president Valdis Zatlers visited Azerbaijan signing a number of intergovernmental agreements on cooperation in the sphere of youth policy and sports, tourism and information exchange, and legal protection of industrial property (Turan).